The 2011 Budget Control Act puts in place caps on military spending through 2021. According to CBO, in the long-term an aging population, rising health care costs, and the rising interest on the national debt will constrain the amount of funding available for discretionary spending, including defense spending, if tax revenues do not increase significantly. Though the new Trump administration has pledged to repeal the Budget Control Act and increaase defense spending, many budget experts believe doing so will be easier said than done. Pressure on the defense budget and the implicit trade-offs within that budget are likely to persist into the 2020s and 2030s.
In 2015, FEMA began an initiative to transform the way the agency operates grants. The Grants Management Modernization (GMM) program seeks to streamline grants management across the agency’s 40-plus grant programs through a user-centered, business-driven approach. GMM’s modernized grants management solution will establish a single grants management information technology (IT) platform for FEMA’s grants operations, and, where possible, a common grants management life cycle and unified business processes across the Agency. These changes will improve the efficiency and effectiveness of FEMA’s grant operations, thereby strengthening FEMA’s ability to carry out its mission.